A Journey To Wray

The Exciting Tale Of Chaco Culture (Northwest New Mexico)

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Monument in North West New Mexico from Wray, CO. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs in the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the floors that are top formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at about the period of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying them for a long time, before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a task that is tiny the transportation of each tree would need a team of individuals on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites when you look at the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory. Although it was a small piece of canyon. More than 200 villages of big houses and large kivas in the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying adding earthen or brick curves in some instances, to make them connected to the canyon and each other. These roads were generally founded in huge residences in and above the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   The presence of cocoa shows that not just physical items but ideas are being transferred from Mesoamerica to Chaco. Cacao was cherished by the Mayan culture who made drinks which were sprayed into jars before they consumed during rites reserved for the elite. Traces of cocoa residue were discovered in canyon potsherds, most likely from high cylindrical jars in neighboring places and comparable in form to those of the Mayan rites. In addition to cacao, several of these extras probably performed a purpose that is ceremonial. In storerooms and burial chambers, they were mostly discovered in large buildings, along with ceremonial meanings - carved wooden staffs and flutes and pet figures. In Pueblo Bonito alone, a chamber containing more than 50,000 turquoise pieces, an additional 4,000 jet pieces (dark-colored sedimentary rock) and 14 macaw skeletons was uncovered. Tree ring data collections show that large home development has ended c. 1130 CE, which coincides with the start of a 50-year drought in the San Juan Basin. An increased drovery would have stretched resources and triggered civilisation declines and migration from the canyons and from numerous outlying sites that terminated in the mid-13th century CE with life already marginal during ordinary rainfall in Chaco. Evidence of closing large doors and the burning of large households shows a probable spiritual acceptance of this change of circumstances - the anticipation of an integral component of immigration plays an role that is increasing the original legends of the people of Pueblo.  

The average family size in Wray, CO is 3.18 household members, with 57.6% being the owner of their own dwellings. The mean home value is $155566. For people leasing, they pay on average $766 per month. 55.3% of households have dual sources of income, and an average household income of $51375. Median income is $31667. 19.3% of town residents survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 12.6% are considered disabled. 6.1% of residents of the town are veterans of this armed forces.

Wray, CO is located in Yuma county, and has a populace of 2349, and rests within the greater metro region. The median age is 36.4, with 18.2% of the residents under ten several years of age, 16.3% are between 10-19 years old, 9.8% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 9.4% in their 30's, 14% in their 40’s, 10.7% in their 50’s, 8.7% in their 60’s, 5.5% in their 70’s, and 7.3% age 80 or older. 48.1% of citizens are male, 51.9% female. 51.1% of citizens are reported as married married, with 16.7% divorced and 22.4% never married. The % of individuals recognized as widowed is 9.8%.