Huntingdon, Pennsylvania: A Review

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Lets visit Chaco in NW New Mexico from Huntingdon. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected in wells, dammed in areas created within the Chaco Wash (an intermittently flowing creek), and ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a series ditches. The canyon was once home to timber sources that were essential for roof construction and levels that are higher-story. However, these sources vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried them and gone back to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that each tree required multiple-day travel and more than 200k trees were used through the construction of and renovations of three centuries worth of canyon houses and kiva that is great. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of architecture, this area is only a part of the larger interconnected region that gave rise to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, great kivas, and the same brick design and style while the ones found inside the canyon. These websites are most common in the San Juan Basin. But, the certain area they covered was larger than England's. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They excavated and levelled the ground, and sometimes added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings located within the canyon and offered outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Chacoans went to your north, south and west surrounding villages with less marginal settings, referring to the impact of Chacoan in this period. Extensive droughts that persisted until the century that is 13th hindered the re-establishment of a built-in system akin to compared to Chaco and led to the scattering associated with the residents of Chaco throughout the southwest. Its descendants, contemporary people residing in the U.S. states of Arizona and brand new Mexico, see Chaco as part of their homeland that is ancestral link confirmed by oral historical traditions handed down from one generation to the next. There was considerable vandalism in the second half of the 19th century CE, with people breaking down parts of large house walls, getting access to rooms and stuff that is destroying. During the archaeological digs and surveys beyond 1896 CE, the damage became obvious, resulting in the founding in 1907 CE of the Chaco Canyon National Monument, the uncontrolled looting stopping and systematic archaeological investigations being done. The monument was enlarged and renamed the National Historic Park of Chaco Culture and in 1987 CE it was registered with UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980 CE. Puebloan descendents preserve their connection to a place that recalls the spirits of their particular ancestors in a remembrance that is living of common heritage.   Roads were also built because of the chacoans that are ancient. Straight pathways stretching hundreds of miles from Chaco Canyon into Colorado and Utah have been uncovered by archaeologists. Some packed dirt roads are 30 feet wide and spread out from enormous buildings like spokes in a wheel, while others line up with natural terrain features. According to 1 notion, these roads are holy trails used by pilgrims to their way to Chaco Canyon and other dwellings that are great rituals. Chaco has been studied by archaeologists since the late 1800s, but despite the stone that is surviving, how Chacoan folks existed, what their society was like, and exactly why they ended constructing and migrated away in the twelfth century remain a mystery. Archaeologists unearthed a variety of items in Chaco, including geometrically adorned ceramics for bowls, canteens, cooking pots, ladles, pitchers, mugs, and water jars (olla), black stone hand rings, shell necklaces, turquoise pendants, wooden headdresses, whistles and flutes, stone knives and axes, ceremonial staffs, sandals, scraps of fabric, feathered cloaks, metates for milling Corn, squash, and beans were staples for the Chacoans, as was cotton for textiles, which was grown by farmers in settlements several kilometers distant. They hunted animals for meals with bows and arrows and manufactured exquisite ceramics for offerings and domestic use. Murals were painted on underground kivas, and rituals may have included music and dance. Chaco traded for hundreds of kilometers distant turquoise and shells, imported macaws, and consumed chocolate from Central America.  

Huntingdon, Pennsylvania is found in Huntingdon county, and has a residents of 11134, and is part of the greater Altoona-Huntingdon, PA metropolitan region. The median age is 34.8, with 7.8% for the population under ten years old, 19.4% are between ten-nineteen years old, 19.2% of residents in their 20’s, 8.1% in their thirties, 8.4% in their 40’s, 11.6% in their 50’s, 9% in their 60’s, 9.3% in their 70’s, and 7.2% age 80 or older. 47.1% of inhabitants are male, 52.9% female. 34.6% of residents are recorded as married married, with 12% divorced and 44.7% never wedded. The % of women and men confirmed as widowed is 8.6%.

The typical family size in Huntingdon, PA is 2.66 family members, with 50.6% being the owner of their own homes. The average home cost is $117138. For people paying rent, they pay on average $646 monthly. 50.7% of homes have dual incomes, and a typical domestic income of $44489. Average individual income is $19893. 21.3% of residents exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 13.4% are handicapped. 9.3% of citizens are former members associated with the US military.