El Reno, OK: A Wonderful Town

The work force participation rate in El Reno is 60.4%, with an unemployment rate of 7.4%. For anyone in the work force, the average commute time is 19.5 minutes. 3.4% of El Reno’s residents have a masters diploma, and 8.4% have earned a bachelors degree. For everyone without a college degree, 29.8% have at least some college, 41.1% have a high school diploma, and only 17.2% have an education significantly less than senior school. 20.8% are not covered by health insurance.

4-corners Happens To Be Exceptional, But What About Chaco Culture National Park In NW New Mexico

Lets visit Chaco National Monument in NW New Mexico, USA from El Reno, OK. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the building of roofs and story that is upper, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished around the period of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an effect, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods towards the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying all of them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy provided that hauling each tree would have taken a multi-day travel by a team of people, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized throughout the three centuries of building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape While Chaco Canyon had a high density of construction on a scale never seen previously in the region, it was simply a component that is tiny the heart of a wide linked area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and kivas that is great used the same characteristic brick style and design as those discovered within the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most rich in the San Juan Basin, they covered an certain area of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently began at big buildings inside and beyond the canyon, extending outward in wonderfully straight parts.   Chacoans moved north, south and west to towns in less remote areas, reflecting Chacoan influence during this time around. In the 13th century, prolonged droughts prevented the creation of an integrated system similar to Chaco. This led to dispersal of Chacoan communities throughout the Southwest. The descendants of these people, who now live mainly in Arizona and New Mexico today, consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This link is confirmed by oral histories that have been passed down through generations. In the second half 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down walls that are large gained access to rooms, as well as destroying materials. Archeological surveys and digs revealed the extent of destruction in the canyon in the half that is second of century CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which stopped looting that is rampant and allowed systematic archeological investigations. The monument was named Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was also listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants keep their connections to this place as a reminder that is living of common past by continuing to honor the spirits of their forefathers. Look down into the vast circular room beneath the ground when standing next to the great kiva – hundreds of people may have gathered here for festivities. The kiva has a bench that is low runs the length of the chamber, four masonry squares that hold the wooden or stone supports that support the ceiling, and a square firebox in the center. You can find markets in the wall, which could be utilized for choices or religious things. A ladder through the roof allowed access to the kiva. You will notice holes in a line in the stone walls when you explore the site. This diagram depicts where wooden roof beams were installed to support the next floor above. Look at diverse door designs as you move around Pueblo Bonito – small doors with a sill that is high step over, larger doors with a low sill, corner doorways (used as astronomical markers), and T shaped doors. Stop 16 has a T-shaped door, while Avoid 18 has a corner door that is high-up. Small entrances are ideal for children to pass through; adults will have to hunch over. At Stop 17, you can see the timber that is original and walls regarding the area re-plastered to resemble how they would have showed up a thousand years ago. Bring food and drink – Even if you are only going for a day, carry food and water because there are no services in the park. Fill a cooler with lots of water for your entire family. Summer is quite hot, and even with short walks to the ruins, you don't want to become dehydrated. Visitor Center – Stop by the Visitor Center to get maps and information on Chaco sites. There are picnic tables with covers, bathrooms, and drinking water. Keep on the pathways and avoid climbing on the walls – the ruins are fragile and must be conserved because they are part of the holy past of Southwest Native people. Even if you notice shards of pottery on the ground, don't pick them up because they are protected relics. Bring binoculars – Binoculars are helpful for witnessing details of the petroglyphs high up on the rocks.  

El Reno, Oklahoma is situated in Canadian county, and includes a residents of 19965, and is part of the more Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK metro area. The median age is 35.5, with 14.1% for the population under 10 years old, 11.8% are between 10-19 years old, 14% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 17.7% in their thirties, 12.1% in their 40’s, 12% in their 50’s, 9.2% in their 60’s, 6% in their 70’s, and 3% age 80 or older. 53.3% of citizens are male, 46.7% women. 38.6% of residents are reported as married married, with 21.6% divorced and 33.6% never married. The % of men or women identified as widowed is 6.2%.

The typical household size in El Reno, OK is 3.73 residential members, with 58.9% being the owner of their particular homes. The average home cost is $104538. For those people leasing, they spend on average $752 per month. 50.8% of households have two incomes, and a median household income of $48060. Average individual income is $23322. 17.8% of inhabitants exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 17% are disabled. 9.5% of residents of the town are former members associated with the military.