The Vital Stats: Blackwood, New Jersey

Blackwood, New Jersey is found in Camden county, and has a population of 4929, and rests within the higher Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metropolitan area. The median age is 37.4, with 12.5% for the population under ten many years of age, 10.1% are between ten-19 many years of age, 16.6% of residents in their 20’s, 13.8% in their 30's, 9.8% in their 40’s, 16.4% in their 50’s, 11.5% in their 60’s, 5.6% in their 70’s, and 3.8% age 80 or older. 48.5% of citizens are men, 51.5% female. 46.7% of citizens are recorded as married married, with 11.4% divorced and 35.3% never wedded. The percent of people recognized as widowed is 6.7%.

The average family size in Blackwood, NJ is 3.3 household members, with 68.1% being the owner of their particular dwellings. The mean home cost is $177099. For people leasing, they pay out an average of $1099 per month. 51.3% of families have two sources of income, and an average domestic income of $55045. Average individual income is $26411. 13.3% of inhabitants exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 14.8% are considered disabled. 7.3% of residents are veterans associated with the armed forces of the United States.

Blackwood-Chaco Canyon Artifacts

Lets visit North West New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park from Blackwood, New Jersey. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried all of them and returned to the canyon to lug all of them home. It was a difficult task considering that each and every tree had to be held by several people and took a long time. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of construction at a level never before seen in this region, it was just one component of the larger connected area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same brick design and magnificence while the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin had been spread over an certain area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They levelled and dug the floor, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful straight sections. Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to maintain the straightness of the roadways, even when the steep terrains found in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other landforms, e.g., the American Southwest's mesas, intersected with their route. This approach was extremely difficult and many roads were not wide enough becoming used for foot transport. Many roads were also much wider than necessary. Some very nice houses were placed within sight of each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant areas via sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a position that is dominant Chaco Canyon. Aligning roadways and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon in critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes has been a practice that is common. This added structure to the Chacoan landscape. For instance, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is aligned north-south and east-west, while the location lies west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is grand of meters in diameter, found within the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a line that is north-south two doors outside aligned eastward. The rising sun can just pass through Casa Rinconada during the morning of this equinox. (Restoration work carried out within the canyon does not indicate if this alignment was current).