The Essential Numbers: Bells, TN

Bells, Tennessee-Ancestral Puebloans

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park (New Mexico) from Bells, TN. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The Chaco Wash canyon produced the arroyo, a flowing water stream that occasionally flows. The rains were collected in both wells and dammed areas, along with the natural sandstone reservoirs in the pond water to which many ditches direct the rivers. The canyon used timber resources for roofing construction and building stories that are upper. However, these were destroyed by drought or deforestation through the Chacoan fluorescence. Chacoans travel 80km on foot to reach coniferous forests, cutting down and drying the trees, before returning to their canyon home and welcoming each other. It was a complete lot of work, as each tree had to be taken by a few people for many days. Over three hundred years worth of rehabilitation and building of houses large and important locations within the canyon resulted in more than 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was a unique area with a high architectural density. However, it was just one little part of the vast region that is linked made up Chacoan culture. There were over 200 other settlements that had large buildings, large kivas and the same brick design and style as the canyon. They were among the most locations that are prominent the San Juan Basin. However, their area that is total was than the Colorado plateau in England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads, leveling and digging the ground to link these locations to at least one another. In many cases, they added metal curbs or macerated curbs to support the connections. They were often built in huge homes in the canyon, and extend in amazing straight sections. Even though steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a drawback that is significant. The roads are often not clear and can be difficult traveling by foot (9 meters) so they may serve some symbolic or purpose that is spiritual such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and distant places, large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a presence that is prominent Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to buildings that are align key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, focused to the east and north. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the north-south line and two external doorways. The outdoors doors are oriented to the east and west so the rising sun can only pass through them on the day they are equinox.

The average family unit size in Bells, TN is 3.5 household members, with 57.1% owning their own homes. The mean home valuation is $105008. For those people renting, they spend an average of $804 monthly. 41.4% of households have two sources of income, and a median domestic income of $51750. Median individual income is $24811. 16.7% of inhabitants are living at or below the poverty line, and 13.6% are considered disabled. 8.5% of citizens are veterans for the armed forces of the United States.

Bells, Tennessee is situated in Crockett county, and has a population of 4772, and is part of the higher Jackson-Brownsville, TN metro area. The median age is 33.4, with 13.7% of this populace under ten many years of age, 18.8% between ten-19 several years of age, 13.9% of town residents in their 20’s, 11.5% in their 30's, 12.6% in their 40’s, 10.7% in their 50’s, 9% in their 60’s, 4.1% in their 70’s, and 5.7% age 80 or older. 47.2% of town residents are men, 52.8% women. 46.8% of citizens are reported as married married, with 15.7% divorced and 28.7% never wedded. The percentage of women and men identified as widowed is 8.8%.